If you think someone is having a stroke…
Stroke Risk Factors
Continuing with May as Stroke Awareness month…
[highlight style="yellow" ]Prevention is Key![/highlight]
There are risk factors that YOU can change and others that you can’t, but it is important to know your modifiable risk factors to prevent a debilitating or fatal stroke.
[highlight style="yellow" ]What risk factors can I change or treat?[/highlight]
• High blood pressure. This is the single mostimportant risk factor for stroke because it’s the No.1 cause of stroke. Know your blood pressure and have it checked at least once every two years. If it’s consistently 140/90 or above, it’s high. Talk to your doctor about how to manage it.
• Tobacco use. Tobacco use damages blood vessels. Don’t smoke and avoid second-hand smoke.
• Diabetes mellitus. Having diabetes increases yourrisk of stroke because it can cause disease of blood vessels in the brain. Work with your diabetes.
• High blood cholesterol. High blood cholesterolincreases the risk of blocked arteries. If an artery leading to the brain becomes blocked, a stroke can result.
• Physical inactivity and obesity. Being inactive,obese or both, can increase your risk of cardiovascular disease.
• Excessive alcohol intake. Drinking an average of more than one drink per day for women or more than two drinks a day for men raises blood pressure. Binge drinking can lead to stroke.
• Illegal drug use. IV drug use carries a high stroke risk. Cocaine use also has been linked to stroke. Illegal drugs commonly cause hemorrhagic strokes.
[highlight style="yellow" ]What are the risk factors I can’t control?[/highlight]
• Increasing age. Stroke affects people of all ages. But the older you are, the greater your stroke risk.
• Gender. In most age groups, more men than womenhave stroke, but more women die from stroke.
• Heredity and race. People whose close blood relatives have had a stroke have a higher risk of stroke. African Americans have a higher risk of death and disability from stroke than whites, because they have high blood pressure more often. Hispanic Americans are also at higher risk of stroke.
• Prior stroke. Someone who has had a stroke is athigher risk of having another one.
STROKE AWARENESS MONTH!
Stroke is a disease that affects the arteries leading to and within the brain.
A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts (or ruptures). When that happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood (and oxygen) it needs, so it and brain cells die.
About 795,000 Americans each year suffer a new or recurrent stroke. That means, on average, a stroke occurs every 40 seconds.
Stroke kills more than 137,000 people a year. That’s about 1 of every 18 deaths. It’s the No. 4 cause of death.
On average, every 4 minutes someone dies of stroke.
About 40% of stroke deaths occur in males, and 60% in females.
For the 2015 update of Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke statistics for 2015 and to see how stroke affects different races, genders, and populations, go to